Cracks in the NATO alliance continue to appear. According to Politico new polling data shows, “69 percent of the German public want more cooperation with Russia and only 35 percent with America; a consistent German polling majority refuses to defend Poland and the Baltic states if Russia invaded them.” Germany is also expected to miss the NATO’s requirement of at least 2 percent of GDP in defense spending. President Donald Trump has been critical of NATO members for not paying their favor in the organization.
Megan Waardenburg from the Realist Review inspired me to create a foreign policy list for classical liberals and libertarians. Finding books on international relations and foreign policy can be challenging for noninterventionists. While there are libertarian works on foreign policy, those books are written by economists or journalists. Although those books are not bad, from an international relations perspective, there appears to be an underappreciation of anarchy and the realpolitik that underly the international order.
Here are some books I recommend for noninterventionists to further enhance anti-war/nonintervention arguments to challenge the idea of global leadership.
Similar to former President Obama’s uncertainty to intervene in Libya, President Trump is hesitant to commit U.S. troops to Venezuela. This country, which has faced numerous economic crises, is now mired in a political conflict between a US-backed resistance and the government. There are calls for humanitarian actions to prevent the Venezuelan government from harming its people. Others cite the Monroe doctrine to push Russian and Chinese influence outside of Latin America. But the use of military action creates many unknown scenarios, making it challenging to predict what the outcome might be. It is better to use caution than take the risk.
Academics and policymakers from the realist, liberal, and constructivist schools of thought debate the motivations of Russian foreign policy. Andrei Tsygankov in his latest book The Dark Double: US Media, Russia, and the Politics of Values makes the argument that the tension between the U.S. and Russia is the result of historical, cultural, and political differences. The book analyzes how U.S. media presents Russia as a “dark double” and a villain in the international system. According to Tsygankov, the U.S.-Russian relationship is an example of how negative perceptions of the other can lead to competitiveness. He expresses concern that cooperation between the two powers is unlikely until both recognize and respect their differences.
By Kevin Doremus | United States
Ideas of closed and open borders have dominated topics on migration in the American context. The debates focus on what immigration policies should be instead of focusing attention on what is occurring in the international system. Questions of western identity infuse themselves into the discussion. Western societies are gripped by the conflict between differing conceptions of the nation and idealism.