Tag: eu

Why Poland Must Annex Ukraine

Daniel Szwec | @szewc_daniel

Historically speaking, the Baltic-Black Sea isthmus, currently occupied by the Polish and Ukrainian states has always experienced extremely strong policical forces, ones set on uniting the region into a single political entity. From having a monopoly on the non-Scandinavian geopolitical European Rimland’s border, to being the crossing of trade routes from North to South, and East to West, the region was already in a political union, in the form of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, during which the region enjoyed enormous prosperity and had the largest aristocratic class in all of Europe. What’s more, the geopolitical longing for uniformity may be seen as one of the major causes for the first world war- the region was split in between the Entente and the central powers- Western Poland belonging to the German Empire, the East of Poland and the Ukraine belonging to the Russian Tsardom, and Galicia belonging to Austria-Hungary.

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Unlikely Allies: French Police Join the Yellow Vests

By Mason Mohon | @mohonofficial

The Yellow Vests protests go on, despite President Macron’s attempts to appease the movement. Gilets Jaunes will stop at nothing less of taking down the French status quo, which, in their eyes, culminates in Macron’s resignation from office.

Over the course of the protests, the French police have put in over 23 million hours of overtime that have yet to be paid, according to a report from Newsweek. This has caused an expected distrust from the police force towards their own government.

A French police union leader Frédéric Lagache explained, “Faced with this irresponsibility [of the government], we are forced to be irresponsible in our actions.”

The combined actions of 3 French police unions have lead to a slowdown in police actions. They have been instructed not to fight back against the protests, and only to respond to real emergencies.

They have stated that this is “Act 1” of their plan, and if their government doesn’t step up to the plate, they will have an Act2 and Act 3 if they feel it is necessary.

A newly proposed French budget would lessen the police budget by $70.8 million, which would only add fuel to the fire. In response, the government offered meager one-time bonuses to police officers willing to continue to subdue the protest, but it is doubtful that it will work.

As the video above shows, police are taking off their helmets to show that they are no longer willing to fight with their fellow citizens.

The protests are expected to go on as long as President Macron puts international economic and environmental priorities above the interests of his own people. As the British economist F.A. Hayek explained, citizens are reluctant to submit to laws which are not designed for their own benefit, but rather the benefits of other nations. Clearly, the Yellow Vests have gone far beyond reluctance.

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The French “Yellow Vests” Movement Is Not Slowing Down

Dane Larsen | @therealdanelars

“There is an extreme core of several thousand people who would come to Paris to destroy” – Jean-Michael Blanquer, French Minister of Education (Dec. 6)

For the past couple of weeks, since President Emmanuel Macron signed into law a gas tax hike on France, citizens have taken to the streets in protests that have taken a turn for the worst. With the peaceful protests came violent revolt by anti-Macron agitators who have dubbed themselves “Les Gilets Jaunes“, which translates to “The Yellow Vests”.

Macron’s initial intention was to de-incentivize driving, ultimately reducing carbon emissions. This particular proposal represented his stance on global warming and environmental-friendly protocol. However, the lower classes of France have voiced their discontent; protests, both peaceful and violent, are occurring across the country.

The radicals of the left and right alike have come together in a moment of unity to voice their outrage on the very streets where Macron spends his days. In an effort to create order, police lined in the streets surrounding the capitol. Protests turned violent when they started to shoot rubber bullets at activists.

Since then, the police have fired tear gas at the citizens and closed tourist attractions. The French government has also declared a national emergency. A recent poll, though, shows 72% of the French support the Yellow Vests. The uproar in France has caused a domino effect across Europe called the “European Spring“. The protests have inspired Yellow Vests so far in Belgium, Catalonia, Hungary, Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, and The Netherlands.

The Yellow Vests Continue

Recently, Macron caved, suspending the gas tax hike he had signed. It appears that his reaction was mainly, if not entirely, to appease the masses. Macron’s policies themselves have yet to change. Despite his actions, the French Yellow Vests are continuing the European Spring, refusing to stop.

Hundreds of injuries and arrests have occurred in the past week alone, showing no sign of slowing down. In fact, on Thursday, December the 6th, students took to the streets to voice their disapproval, and the Yellow Vests are gearing up for hard-fighting protests on this upcoming Saturday, December the 8th.

Members of the French parliament and the President’s cabinet have articulated worry for the upcoming protest recently. The French Health Minister, Agnès Buzyn, stated: “There is a concern about this violence and some who do not want to find a solution”. Furthermore, the Prime Minister has shunned the protestors publicly. He insisted that “What is at stake is the safety of the French people and our institutions. I call here for responsibility”. He also added that “all the actors in this public debate, politicians, union leaders, and citizens, will be accountable for their statements in the coming days”.

71 Republic will continue to report on the injuries, arrests, and major story developments for the upcoming riots and protests this Saturday and afterward.

71 Republic is the Third Voice in media. We pride ourselves on distinctively independent journalism and editorials. Every dollar you give helps us grow our mission of providing reliable coverage. Please consider donating to our Patreon, which you can find here. Thank you very much for your support!

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French Students Protest Education Change Through Violent Demonstrations

By Indri Schaelicke | United States

Following the massive wave of violent protest in Paris and Toulouse, France, many are feeling emboldened to demand change. The riots that have plunged Paris into chaos were the result of a gas tax hike. However, this is not the only thing that citizens dislike about the Macron regime. In fact, a new cause is rallying the support of French students.

Education Reform for French Students

In a televised interview in April, the French president made known his plans to overhaul France’s approach to education. One of the major reforms his administration is seeking to implement is a change to the Baccalaureate Examination, an exam that students must take and pass to be eligible to enter university.

With exam grades sliding in recent years, Macron plans to alter the exam. Between 2003 and 2012, French students’ performances on international math tests fell compared to other countries. An international study of reading known as PIRLS, published in 2017, showed that French pupils were in the 34th position. This was far behind their peers in Portugal, Spain, and Italy. The students’ level has dropped by 14 slots since 2001.

Even though the results of the exam are an entrance ticket to college, many students drop out once they enter college. Astonishingly, the ministry says that 70% of undergraduates fail to earn their degree in three years.

President Macron’s education minister, Jean-Michel Blanquer, plans to significantly cut down on the number of exams students must take to earn the Baccalauréat certificate. The current requirement ranges from 10 to 15, but Blanquer desires only four. He also plans to reorganize the new diploma so that French students have two choices of subjects to specialize in.

The specializations will account for a quarter of the final Bac grade. Two other important exams will remain compulsory for all students, a written philosophy paper, and an oral presentation of a school project. Just like now, French literature will remain a compulsory exam. 40% of the final grade will be a running assessment during the final two years of public school.

Taking to the Streets

These proposed changes have drawn the ire of students, parents, and teachers alike. Many teachers fear that the new continuous assessment model will kill the high national standard for education that France holds. They argue that these policy changes will, in effect, bring about a two-tier Bac, with top teachers in top schools giving higher grades, rather than one fair standard. Teachers of optional subjects are also worried about their job security, with teacher unions threatening strikes. Until this point, Macron has largely avoided street protests as he implements his plan to modernize France.

While protests against gas tax hike are consuming France, students are taking their opportunity. Police are shooting protesters with rubber bullets, but this has yet to deter them from joining the European Spring. Possibly in part due to popular support for the Gilets Jaunes protestors, French students are taking to the streets with their adult compatriots.

So far, French students have closed tunnels and blocked entrances to schools. Mobs have also thrown objects at riot police, and the authorities have responded by firing tear gas at protesters. This represents an extreme escalation from mere teacher strikes to violent protest. The Yellow Vest movement seems poised to join forces with the French students, as both groups seek a radical change to their government. With the recent uproar and violent demonstrations against it, education reform, along with heavy taxation, could be the hill the Macron administration dies on.

71 Republic is the Third Voice in media. We pride ourselves on distinctively independent journalism and editorials. Every dollar you give helps us grow our mission of providing reliable coverage. Please consider donating to our Patreon, which you can find here. Thank you very much for your support!

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The Communist Roots of the European Union

By Daniel Szewc | Poland

One cannot defeat a problem without knowing its origins. We cannot stop the disease of the European Union symptomatically. Instead, we must find where the problem came from. The answer to this dilemma may surprise many with just how devastating it is.

Many people will falsely claim that European political elites desired a common free market. Thus, they may say, the elites formed the European Union to accomplish this. However, this could not be further from the truth.

To first see the true initiative that shaped the idea of a United Europe, we have to look at the portfolio of the man behind it all, Altiero Spinelli.

Spinelli, a communist even during Mussolini’s government, was one of the most influential people who formed the EU. He was a member of the European Commission for 6 years, from 1970-1976 (he left voluntarily), as well as a member of the European Parliament for seven years after. A staunch supporter of Trotsky, his views were so radical that the Italian Communist Party threw him out.

Trotskyism is a subset-ideology of Marxism-Leninism that proposes a permanent communist revolution in all countries, not only ones that the Trotskyists take control of. This shows how dangerous Spinelli’s ideas were, even towards non-Europeans.

The Duce’s government imprisoned Spinelli, and then interrogated him during WWII. During his interrogation, he wrote the Ventotene Manifesto, named after the island on which he was held hostage. Here’s a quote from the document: “In order to respond to our needs, the European revolution must be socialist, that is, it must have as its goal the emancipation of the working classes and the realization for them of more humane living conditions.”

As you can see, Spinelli was in every way a communist. One may ask about his views for European unity, but he simply goes much too far with it. Spinelli called for European federalism, which would make all European countries into one and diminish the importance of nationhood.

Though the man himself is long dead, the Spinelli group, created by Guy Verhofstadt (a former Belgian Prime Minister), Daniel Cohn-Bendit (former co-chair of the Greens/EFA group) French MEP Sylvie Goulard and former EP Vice President Isabelle Durant (Greens/EFA) is anything but. I’s main policy is to return the European Union onto the path of federalism.

What happens when you mix Machiavellian tactics, Marxism, cultural hegemony and globalism? You get Antonio Gramsci. Another Italian, this theorist of communism proposed the most significant ideology to Eurocrats: Gramscianism. More appropriately, he is the father of Eurocommunism. Mussolini also imprisoned Gramsci, but he started theorizing the use of European unification as a tool to achieve Marxism before even Spinelli. Here are a few of his major ideas:

1) Embracing new social movements, especially trying to form a minority based majority group of support (supporting women’s rights and gay rights only to gain their support, for example).

2) Achieving cultural hegemony- causing the minds of people in Europe to accept a Homo Sovieticus (the Soviet man- a human unable to live without the state’s societal and economic help, with no motivation to stop the state from exploiting them through taxation) standpoint, and make it the “logical” norm.

3) Achieving socialism through a “third” democratic “way”- as Marx said, “Democracy is the road to Socialism”, and socialism is a milestone on the path to communism.

4) Temporarily reconciling with the power hierarchy to achieve all of the above.

As you probably know, these tactics are exactly what the European Union leadership is using nowadays. As for another great influence on Europe’s non Soviet left, lastly comes Rudi Dutschke.

A West German socialist student activist, Dutschke was an influential figure for many. At one point, his influence caused a lone wolf to try to shoot him. While the plan failed, it sparked a wave of violence from Dutschke’s ideological apprentices. At that point, he told them to stop the nonsense, and proposed a “Long March through the institutions of power”, based on the Chinese communist army’s long march through China.

His idea was to subvert the governments of Europe, and to install communism from inside. This is the most popular interpretation of his words. However, in recent years, it makes more sense that he wanted to create alternative European governing bodies. The European Union is such an alternative.

A good example of such a march through the institutions can be (for example) Donald Tusk, the former prime minister of Poland, and current President of the European Council. In his 2007 election campaign, he promised to cut taxes and bureaucracy, reduce the number of speed limits, and liberalize the law in general. Soon enough, he raised taxes and inflicted more regulations.

Starting off as a classical liberal, he now happily takes part in the most bureaucratic organisation since the Soviet Union, the European Union. Tusk makes no attempt to reform it in any way.

The aforementioned Guy Verhofstadt is another excellent example. Many, before his election, called him “Young Thatcher” for his support of privatization and generally right-wing views. Now, he is the leader of Spinelli’s EU fan club.

What does the future hold for Europe? All we can do is pray that the hippy-esque generation of politicians who are now in power will soon loose their grip on it. The liberty of Europe is at stake.

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