Tag: Featured

The Case for Libertarian Monarchism, Part One

By Daniel Szewc | Poland

To many, the sheer idea of any government form that isn’t reduced to nothingness is incompatible with liberty. Yet, to see the full picture, we must look at it from all angles possible. In the case of government systems, the placement of power is the most important. In democracy, the power of the state is absolute, yet the state is a public entity, run by majority rule.

This is precisely presented by the fact that Adolf Hitler came to power democratically. “Democracy is the road to socialism”, as the founder of communism, Karl Marx, once said. What many forget, is that the second power in the Bundestag during the 1930’s was the Communist Party. Thus, totalitarianism in Germany was simply not possible to avoid.

In fact, any system that uses democratic measures of picking leaders is bound to fall into an étatiste (Fr. for “statist”, a term corrupted by modern English speaking anarchists) spiral, over a longer period of time. Whenever democratization occurs, in the long run, so does the expansion of the state apparatus. In Europe, on the other hand, monarchism often has lasted over a thousand years.

A democratic-like system in the USA is failing already, before it’s 300 year mark. This failing state has not faced threats from its usually peaceful neighbors in 200 years. We can see the fall of the system in the USA, by viewing it’s support for socialists like Bernie Sanders within its youth, as well as populists and career politicians for it’s older generation.
Why does this happen? The answer is simple. Whenever elections of any sort occur, conflicts of interest begin to appear. Then, the losing side lobbies to give voting rights to those who support their ideas. The more voters, the more conflicts, and so the snowball effect goes. In the end, people with no meritocratic basis get the right to vote, and strong, monarchism eventually may take over from within or from outside.

Some consider the Republican model as the best idea to preserve liberty, yet in all its forms, it assumes an elective body, and/or a constitution, which is insentient as the sovereign. In this case, since ownership of the state cannot be considered a part of the Constitution’s role, it is viewed as a passive manager of the morals (…of policies passed by sentient beings, able to manipulate words and context).

All of the above disproves two main forms of government- ones in which the sovereign is a person chosen by the majority, and one in which the sovereign can be edited and interpreted by the irrational mob that holds sovereignty. Clearly, monarchism, to be detailed more in part two, is a more secure system to protect liberty.

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Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom – Movie Review

By Brennan Dubé | @Brennan_Dube71R

‘Fallen Kingdom’ is directed by J.A. Bayona and is written by the duo of Colin Trevorrow and Derek Connolly. The island of ‘Isla Nublar’, where ‘Jurassic World’ took place, has a volcano that is just ready to blow. From this, political debate sparks into whether or not the dinosaurs on the island should be rescued. With this we have our movie. I’m a huge fan of the original ‘Jurassic Park’ and enjoyed ‘Jurassic World’ when it hit the big screens a few years ago.

Going into this I had my doubts… it’s not uncommon for a ‘Jurassic’ sequel to be a dud. Nonetheless, I was very excited by the prospect of heading into the theaters and seeing a different ‘Jurassic’ film than what I, and millions of others are used to. In that, ‘Fallen Kingdom’ did not disappoint. This is definitely the most ambitious film in the franchise since the original hit the big screen in the summer of 1993. Despite its attempts at being something different, ‘Fallen Kingdom’ often fell flat, failing to deliver a savoring taste of dinosaur, and ‘Jurassic’ magic.

The opening third of this film holds some intrigue, aiming to be a deeper meaning than some of the previous franchise sequels. I did not fully buy into Chris Pratt and Bryce Dallas Howards characters going back to the island but the movie gave a solid attempt and it was somewhat believable. Both Pratt and Howard are a thrill to watch and I am glad the series continued on following those two characters.

Despite good acting from Pratt, there was no real structural development to his character in the film which feels a tad like lazy writing. We now have two entire films and Pratt has yet to develop whatsoever. Bryce Dallas Howards character, ‘Claire Dearing’ did have a bit of a change of heart in this film and it was pleasant to see her character grow. The aim of truly wanting to make this new trilogy into a world is very clear in this film. I do feel however the movie was not fully focused on that and really danced around its main end-game. I do give ‘Fallen Kingdom’ props for taking some chances and doing different things with the franchise.

The supporting cast in this film, namely the two that join Pratt and Howard’s excursion, are rather boring. Justice Smith and Danielle Pineda are the two that star alongside our main duo. At times, both are borderline annoying as they try to convey some unnecessary comedic relief. Other new characters include ‘Eli Mills’ played by Rafe Spall and ‘Sir Benjamin Lockwood’ played by James Cromwell.

Cromwell’s character has an intriguing enough backstory, but Rafe Spall’s newly introduced character comes off as two-dimensional and generic. Child actress, Isabella Sermon plays ‘Maisie Lockwood’ aka the granddaughter of ‘Benjamin Lockwood’ in this film and I must say she did quite a good job. Her arc was also probably the most intriguing of the film and it might well be the thing that sticks with me most in the days and weeks following this movie. Jeff Goldblum also reprises his role as ‘Dr. Ian Malcolm’ in this film which is always fun as well.

Onto what we are really here for… dinosaurs! ‘Fallen Kingdom’ has some very incredible looking sequences on the island that look great on the big screen. The special effects in this movie are also absolutely top notch and the close up combat with the dinosaurs looks really well done. However, many of the same scenes and gimmicks from previous films were used and I did feel like I was watching a rehashing of other ‘Jurassic’ films at times. So as a truly great action-packed summer blockbuster, this movie does not always deliver. I did have some fun with this movie though and there were undeniably some pretty good, fun sequences.

One of the biggest issues with the first film that carries into the second is the villains. The quality of villains in these films need to seriously be upped in quality as they always detract from the film as a whole. Their cartoon-y feel, which is present in both ‘Jurassic World’ and this film ‘Fallen Kingdom’, really don’t do much at all to benefit the story. Michael Giacchino’s score is a positive from this film and he is just continuing to show how much of a terrific composer he is.

The big plus: ‘Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom’ is a solid time at the movies. This film takes the franchise in a different route that some viewers may end up enjoying. The dinosaurs looked great!

Where it lacks: Despite taking some jumps, this film didn’t always land, and if you dislike cartoon-y villains and generic side characters… you won’t enjoy the supporting cast of this film.

Score: 64/100

In conclusion, ‘Fallen Kingdom’ is a good action film that has its obvious problems, but you can for sure just relax and enjoy the dinosaurs. Director J.A. Bayona tried new things and I respect that, despite most of them not fully succeeding. The special effects are awesome and although the action sequences may feel familiar, they are still somewhat enjoyable.

Box Office Forecast:

‘Fallen Kingdom’ is expected to open up significantly lower than its predecessor, which opened to $208.8 million back in 2015. Due to added competition from ‘Incredibles 2’ and a lesser enthused crowd, ‘Fallen Kingdom’ will look towards an opening between $125-150 million dollars. This is still a great haul which will make it one of this years biggest films. ‘Incredibles 2’ will look to make over $90 million in its second weekend. ‘Fallen Kingdom’ will easily hit the $100 million dollar threshold, but if ‘Incredibles 2’ can do the same, then it will be the first time in history that two movies bring in over $100 million in the same weekend.

Upcoming Releases:

June 29: Sicario: Day of the Soldado, Uncle Drew

July 4: The First Purge

July 6: Ant-Man and the Wasp

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Career Politicians Without Term Limits are a Thing of the Past

By Dane Larsen | @therealdanelars | United States of America

“The long experiment with professional politicians and professional government is over, and it failed.”  -Newt Gingrich, former Speaker of the House.

In 1947, Congress proposed the 22nd amendment to the US Constitution: an act to place term limits on the President. Specifically, it forbid a president from serving more than two full terms, or a maximum of ten years. This came shortly after President Franklin Delano Roosevelt served four consecutive terms in office.The reasoning behind this piece of legislation was to keep the head member of the executive branch of government from becoming corrupt, or sustaining corruption. For, as we escaped from in 1776 with the British Monarchy, if one person stays in power for too long, it gets to their heads.

In an experiment by student Andy Yap of Columbia University, over 100 people were shown pictures of others surveyed. Yap was able to get them to believe the 99 people seen in pictures were shorter than themselves (for the most part). There is in fact a correlation between a taller height and a higher position of power as seen in the Fortune 500 CEO’s, where the average height is 6 ft, 2 in. This figure is 4.5 inches taller than the average US men’s height (5’9½”).  Point is, that there is a trend of people who may actually have power, or perceive that they have power, with a taller height. The fact that the people thought they were taller than the others after being persuaded into a position of power, shows that power corrupts the brain.

Staying in power for too long has proven to change the mindset of the person in question, and will do it again in the future, given the opportunity. Thus, 76% of America, according to a 2013 Gallup poll, is asking an important question. Why have we not implemented legislative term limits? It seems rather foolish to limit the President, but allow Congress to serve endless terms.

This past year, citizens of Michigan’s thirteenth district were surprised when Rep. John Conyers announced his immediate retirement. He was 88 years old, and served for 52 years on Capitol Hill without term limits. To give you a bit of perspective, in 1966, when he took office for his first term, Startrek was just debuting, Pet Sounds by The Beach Boys was released, and the US was one year deep into their mission in Vietnam.

With only a 15% approval rating, our congressmen and congresswomen have proven to do next to nothing with their time in their positions. These people sign themselves into their own salaries, their own day-to-day agendas, and eventually, if the legislation were to make it that far, they’d be voting on limiting their own power. It’s ludicrous to think that these people would restrict how long they could make empty promises to their supporters, and put on a bright, big smile for the cameras.

“It is a popular delusion that the government wastes vast amounts of money through inefficiency and sloth. Enormous effort and elaborate planning are required to waste this much money.”  -PJ O’Rourke, political satirist and journalist, CATO institute.

There are, however, a few lawmakers with our best interests in mind. People like the Florida chapter of the Republican Liberty Caucus, Ben Sasse (R- NE)Thom Tillis (R- NC)David Perdue (R- GA), and many more advocate for term limits. Though they may not get the press that other people in Washington may get, I encourage you to read more up on them, to support them to bringing progress back to Congress.

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Part I – Humans and Animals: Defining Moral, Ethic, and Humane

By Joshua D. Glawson | United States

This will be the first essay in a short series of distinguishing terms, i.e. ‘moral,’ ‘ethic,’ and ‘Justice.’ I shall defend using animals for human consumption, the current popular problems of big game hunting, and a possible solution to the issues giving as close to a win-win as possible throughout this short series. Overall, the running theme will contend that humans are not “equal” to other species of animals, especially not under the law.

When it comes to the topic of animals and animal abuse, people can have extremely polarizing reactions. Commercials with images of abused and emaciated puppies serenaded by Sarah McLachlan bring tears to some people. Campaigns by PETA can lead people to change their diets and normal shopping habits. Vegetarians have become the retro, and now veganism has the “moral” high ground; especially if they also only by GMO-free, certified organic, gluten-free, fair trade, locally grown, fresh, raw, fruits and vegetables. The common theme is that they believe it is ‘immoral’ to use animals as means for food, clothing, materials, oils, etc.

They contend that harming animals, in any way, should be equal under the law to that of hurting fellow human beings. If they are not as extreme as to believe there should be legal limitations of using or abusing animals, they typically feel it is an immoral act to do so. The rarer group consists of those that just choose to be vegetarian or vegan solely for “health purposes.” I shall not pick on those that peacefully choose to have a vegetarian diet or those that peacefully choose a vegan lifestyle. Rather, I am concerned with the growing number of people, e.g. vegans, vegetarians, and animal rights activists, who feel it prudent to coerce others or condemn others based on false premises, and wish to use the coercive power of government to force people into their ideology of equating humans to other animals.

It is imperative to first define morality,’ or what it means to be ‘moral.’ It can be defined as of or relating to principles of right and wrong in behavior, and it is directly from the Latin word ‘moralis,’ meaning proper behavior of an individual within a society. The Greek ‘ethikos,’ i.e. ‘ethics’ in English, is associated with mores, customs, manners, etc. So, to be ‘moral’ is only between people in their relationships with other people, and ‘ethics’ are the codes of moral conduct held by a society or group.

For example, it is ‘immoral’ to murder a fellow human as it is an infringement on someone else, and this is an ‘ethical’ position held in Christianity since it is the Christian code of moral conduct. As it pertains to morality, most people hold certain morals to be true nearly universally such as people should not murder, rape, steal, etc. under most circumstances. However, there are also some morals that more and more people will not agree are wrong such as lying, gluttony, cheating, lusting, etc. under many circumstances.

Therefore, it is best for this article to not only have defined ‘morality’ and ‘ethics,’ but to stick to the ethical considerations of the legality of using animals for consumption. That will at least make for less debate over ‘objective’ and ‘subjective’ ‘morality’ which is a much deeper philosophical topic of discussion. Nevertheless, moral laws do not make moral people, and any laws based on ethical claims can have possible backlash, such as Christian ethics proclaiming homosexuality or premarital sex to be illegal, or anti-marijuana laws because it makes people feel an elevated sense of pleasure. These ethics based laws infringe on the rights of the individual to freely act and exchange with others through voluntary and mutual agreement. To not allow people the freedom to act humanely between one another is, in fact, inhumane.

Many people that love animals will declare certain actions done to animals are “inhumane.” To be ‘inhumane’ means to be without compassion for misery or suffering; however, as the Latin of the word suggests ‘in’ is the ‘opposite of’ being ‘human.’ The word suggests that it is to be savage, cruel, barbarous, etc. As, we, humans have evolved over the past 200,000 years, we have utilized animals for the sake of our survival and benefit.

We have used them for food, clothing, oils, tools, testing for pharmaceutical drugs and learning about ourselves through them, as working animals, and as pets; we have also studied their behaviors and learned from them. According to Aristotle, humans are a ‘rational animal.’ We utilize what is around us to survive, benefit, flourish, and prosper, to a much greater extent than any other animal. So, if a person is using animals for these purposes, and not simply abusing an animal out of anger, they are not acting ‘inhumanely,’ rather they are acting very ‘humanely,’ as they benefit themselves and likely other humans.

Consequentially, humans using animals for the aforementioned purposes, aside from abuse, can also benefit other animals who require meat for sustenance and medicine made from animals. This suggests that if people were not to use some animals for consumption and use, what currently exists would be rather difficult, if not impossible, to sustain. Some of our beloved pets would suffer and die so some vegetarians may be willing to use some animals in order to save more animals and people.

‘Animal abuse’ is a vague and subjective term, usually referring to ‘animal cruelty’ or ‘neglect.’ What is determined to be ‘cruel’ or ‘neglectful’ can vary depending on the laws of that area, but typically it means to not feed, let to wallow in the animal’s waste, not have enough space to move, to beat the animal, to torture, left without proper shelter, etc. According to Seventeenth Century philosopher, Samuel von Pufendorf, animals do not have intrinsic rights, but we should not abuse them out of anger because of what it does to the human, not the animal.

His idea is that by hitting a dog, for example, out of sheer anger makes the person hitting the dog more callous to other people and to themselves. In fact, modern science has suggested that when people habitually act out of anger by harming animals, things, fellow humans, or themselves, they are wiring their brain to continue to do the same. Even more terrifying are the cases where people first began torturing and killing animals for the thrill before moving on to human victims, becoming serial killers, although that is not necessarily true as it is correlation and not causation, and there are also a number of mass murderers who were vegetarian or vegan.

In both of these examples of anger and torture, these actions are not increasing utility, they are instead becoming a hindrance for the person’s growth and reason. Viz., utilizing animals for consumption and mere abuse out of anger are not equal to one another as it pertains to humankind.

The next essay will detail the meaning of ‘Justice,’ and what it is not.

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John McAfee Poisoned By “Enemies”

Spencer Kellogg | @TheNewTreasury

After days of radio silence from cyberpunk guru John McAfee, the tech pioneer surprised his followers on Friday afternoon by releasing details of his near brush with death. Unconscious for two days in a North Carolina hospital, McAfee valiantly proclaimed that he is “more difficult to kill than anyone can possibly imagine” on his Twitter account. Claiming that “his enemies managed to spike something I ingested,” the cryptocurrency community was abuzz with many lending their support to the much-discussed antivirus software genius.

McAfee, who has challenged the SEC and the FBI over the course of the past year, has had his fair share of real and imagined enemies attack his net worth and physical health in an attempt to quiet his dissonant voice. A former Libertarian Presidential candidate and man-on-the-run after his dust-up with Belizean police in 2012, McAfee has long been the source of heated interest from media and government agents alike. He lives in a rural Tennessee bunker that is guarded 24/7 by private security. Recently, McAfee has made headlines after speculating on a 2020 presidential run. Last month he announced the launch of a physically backed cryptocurrency called MRU (McAfee Redemption Unit).

Promising vengeance for the attack, McAfee claimed to know exactly who the perpetrators are. In usual McAfee fashion, he was quick to lash out against the would-be plotters as he posed for a photo with his wife Janice in which the pair flicked off the camera. Calling his enemies “incompetent,” McAfee grinned while his wife stuck her tongue out. By the afternoon, cryptocurrency advocates were championing the man who has become the most talked about American in the entire alternative currency space.

Earlier this year, McAfee made waves in the cryptocurrency community after using his Twitter to promote coins and tokens that he believed had potential growth in the market. Some saw the practice as unbecoming and he stopped the practice after repeated attacks on his person. This week, he made public his intentions to no longer work with cryptocurrency ICO’s after the SEC had made threats to his business.

“Due to SEC threats, I am no longer working with ICOs nor am I recommending them, and those doing ICOs can all look forward to arrest,” he wrote. “It is unjust but it is reality. I am writing an article on an equivalent alternative to ICOs which the SEC cannot touch. Please have Patience.”

By Friday afternoon, McAfee was back on his Twitter account discussing two of his favorite new cryptocurrency projects, Bitfi & Docademic. Bitfi is an ultra-secure cryptocurrency wallet that promises to be completely unhackable. Docademic, a healthcare based cryptocurrency, has seen a meteoric rise in price speculation during the past month on the back of McAfee’s support. Claiming to be ‘the only cryptocurrency that is making free basic healthcare a reality in the world,’ Docademic was featured in Forbes today.

We at 71 Republic are wishing Mr. McAfee a quick and healthy return to the cryptocurrency community and we will be updating his condition in the following days.

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